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P. Jongejan

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P. Jongejan last won the day on January 10

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  1. No toggle function necessary, I just did put the responsive-functioncall at the end of the linkfunction and it works. But thanks anyway, your suggestion did put me on the right track.
  2. I want to change the menu on https://www.w3schools.com/howto/howto_js_topnav_responsive.asp. It displays an icon on the righthandside which opens the formerly hidden menuitems underneath each other. They can be hidden again by clicking this icon again, it's a toggle-function. I like to have it collapsed automatically after a menuitem is chosen. How can this be done?
  3. Yes! This works. At last the whole script does what it has to do, producing both a 2-base and a 10-base number. The use of Array.from to make a copy is what I needed. I understood that x=sumArray wasn't the way to make a real copy and already tried to put together a piece of script like the "var copy" you gave me, but I made it much too complicated trying to use a function, and it didn't work. Moreover, the Mozilla-site which you brought to my attention is a real goldpit of info, together with w3c-schools it gives me a nice playground to broaden my knowledge of JS. Thank you!
  4. When I make a copy of sumArray and take it outside the closure, it won't be correlated to the actual input anymore. When I leave the copy inside the closure, reversing it with reverse() will affect the original as well. So I think I need to reverse it inside a function which has access to the sumArray outside of it, but keeps the result away from the original by being local. Is this correct or do I make a mistake?
  5. OK, you're right with observing the mistake I made. The code works as well when I take all the document.GetElementById's to the other side of the curly bracket at the bottom. And the reverse-method is unusable by affecting the original array, but how do I fix this problem otherwise? I've tried to use the unshift-method in a for-loop, but couldn't get it working. Still trying ...
  6. BTW, I've uploaded the most recent version of this file, http://www.niutec.nl/Experiments/talstelsels.html
  7. I want to use both the 2-base and the 10-base number of sumArray. The problem is that when I want to use the sumArray as a 2-base number, I have to reverse it first before I join the the elements of it and make it a number to get rid of the unnecessary zero's. The reversing however has to be done only for the 2-base number and not for the 10-base, which is working correctly. The problem lies in this part of the code: /*console.log(sumArray.reverse());*/ document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = Number(sumArray.join("")); When I can use the 2-base number, I can get rid of half the documentGetElementById's I am using now and the leading zero's in the 2-base number.
  8. As said, the code works fine, everything OK. But in the text I want to show the base-2 version of the number. I've done that by putting a span element in the text for every single number. The problem with this is that it shows a lot of unnecessary zero's, which I tried to get rid of by reversing the array, join() it and making it a Number().The problem I encounter is the reversing method. It bounces back on the total sumArray-value instead of only the var where I want it. What's the solution? Wrap it inside a function to make it local? Or reverse the array with a negative loop and push()? <script> toggleMarble (); function toggleMarble() { var btn0 = document.getElementById("marble0"); var btn1 = document.getElementById("marble1"); var btn2 = document.getElementById("marble2"); var btn3 = document.getElementById("marble3"); var btn4 = document.getElementById("marble4"); var btn5 = document.getElementById("marble5"); var btn6 = document.getElementById("marble6"); var btn7 = document.getElementById("marble7"); var btn8 = document.getElementById("marble8"); var btn9 = document.getElementById("marble9"); var btn10 = document.getElementById("marble10"); var btn11 = document.getElementById("marble11"); var btnArray = [btn0, btn1, btn2, btn3, btn4, btn5, btn6, btn7, btn8, btn9, btn10, btn11]; var sumArray = [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]; var i = 0; for (i = 0; i < btnArray.length; i++){ btnArray[i].addEventListener("click", (function(idx) { return function () { btnArray[idx].classList.toggle("marble"); if (btnArray[idx].classList.contains("marble")){ sumArray[idx] = 1; }else{ sumArray[idx] = 0; } var sum = 0; for (var i = 0; i < sumArray.length; i++) { if (sumArray[i]) { sum += Math.pow(2, i); } document.getElementById("s1").innerHTML = sum; document.getElementById("s2").innerHTML = sum; /*console.log(sumArray.reverse());*/ document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = Number(sumArray.join("")); document.getElementById("posit0").innerHTML = sumArray [0]; document.getElementById("place0").innerHTML = sumArray [0]; document.getElementById("cijfer0").innerHTML = sumArray [0]; document.getElementById("value0").innerHTML = sumArray [0] * Math.pow(2, 0); document.getElementById("posit1").innerHTML = sumArray [1]; document.getElementById("place1").innerHTML = sumArray [1]; document.getElementById("cijfer1").innerHTML = sumArray [1]; document.getElementById("value1").innerHTML = sumArray [1] * Math.pow(2, 1); document.getElementById("posit2").innerHTML = sumArray [2]; document.getElementById("place2").innerHTML = sumArray [2]; document.getElementById("cijfer2").innerHTML = sumArray [2]; document.getElementById("value2").innerHTML = sumArray [2] * Math.pow(2, 2); document.getElementById("posit3").innerHTML = sumArray [3]; document.getElementById("place3").innerHTML = sumArray [3]; document.getElementById("cijfer3").innerHTML = sumArray [3]; document.getElementById("value3").innerHTML = sumArray [3] * Math.pow(2, 3); document.getElementById("posit4").innerHTML = sumArray [4]; document.getElementById("place4").innerHTML = sumArray [4]; document.getElementById("cijfer4").innerHTML = sumArray [4]; document.getElementById("value4").innerHTML = sumArray [4] * Math.pow(2, 4); document.getElementById("posit5").innerHTML = sumArray [5]; document.getElementById("place5").innerHTML = sumArray [5]; document.getElementById("cijfer5").innerHTML = sumArray [5]; document.getElementById("value5").innerHTML = sumArray [5] * Math.pow(2, 5); document.getElementById("posit6").innerHTML = sumArray [6]; document.getElementById("place6").innerHTML = sumArray [6]; document.getElementById("cijfer6").innerHTML = sumArray [6]; document.getElementById("value6").innerHTML = sumArray [6] * Math.pow(2, 6); document.getElementById("posit7").innerHTML = sumArray [7]; document.getElementById("place7").innerHTML = sumArray [7]; document.getElementById("cijfer7").innerHTML = sumArray [7]; document.getElementById("value7").innerHTML = sumArray [7] * Math.pow(2, 7); document.getElementById("posit8").innerHTML = sumArray [8]; document.getElementById("place8").innerHTML = sumArray [8]; document.getElementById("cijfer8").innerHTML = sumArray [8]; document.getElementById("value8").innerHTML = sumArray [8] * Math.pow(2, 8); document.getElementById("posit9").innerHTML = sumArray [9]; document.getElementById("place9").innerHTML = sumArray [9]; document.getElementById("cijfer9").innerHTML = sumArray [9]; document.getElementById("value9").innerHTML = sumArray [9] * Math.pow(2, 9); document.getElementById("posit10").innerHTML = sumArray [10]; document.getElementById("place10").innerHTML = sumArray [10]; document.getElementById("cijfer10").innerHTML = sumArray [10]; document.getElementById("value10").innerHTML = sumArray [10] * Math.pow(2, 10); document.getElementById("posit11").innerHTML = sumArray [11]; document.getElementById("place11").innerHTML = sumArray [11]; document.getElementById("cijfer11").innerHTML = sumArray [11]; document.getElementById("value11").innerHTML = sumArray [11] * Math.pow(2, 11); } } })(i)); } } </script>
  9. Yes! Now it's working. I think this project was a bit too ambitious for me as a beginner with only 1 month study from the w3c-schools tutorials ... But in the process of trying to get it fixed I learned a lot of Javascript, much more than only by following the tutorials. Now a can fill in the rest of the code, hopefully without problems. Once again, thank you very much!
  10. OK, message using code boxes understood. When I want to insert code, I have to start it with [ code ] and end with [ /code ] , of course without spaces. Thank you for the explanation. Using a closure is what I was already hinting at in my first post, but I'm too much a beginner to get it working by myself, so I'm very happy with your help! But being so far as I mentioned in my forelast post, I still have this problem with that stupid error "btnArray.addEventListener is not a function". As long as that remains, the code won't be working. Can you tell me what I'm doing wrong?
  11. Thank you for your reaction. Now I've got this script: <script> toggleMarble (); function toggleMarble() { var btn0 = document.getElementById("marble0"); var btn1 = document.getElementById("marble1"); var btn2 = document.getElementById("marble2"); var btn3 = document.getElementById("marble3"); var btnArray = [btn0, btn1, btn2, btn3]; var i = 0; for (i = 0; i < btnArray.length; i++){ btnArray.addEventListener("click", (function(idx) { return function () { btnArray[idx].classList.toggle("marble"); console.log(btnArray[idx].classList.contains("marble")); } })(i)); /* I don't understand what (i) in this sentence is doing. Also I had to add a brace to get rid of a syntax error. */ } } </script> The error I still get is "btnArray.addEventListener is not a function". I've seen this error over and over again , and I don't know what to do about it. I feel silly ...
  12. Still problems; as soon as I change btnArray[2] in the last statements of my script into btnArray[ i ], I get an error. Please help! <script> toggleMarble (); function toggleMarble() { var btn0 = document.getElementById("marble0"); var btn1 = document.getElementById("marble1"); var btn2 = document.getElementById("marble2"); var btn3 = document.getElementById("marble3"); var btnArray = [btn0, btn1, btn2, btn3]; var i = 0; for (i ; i < btnArray.length; i++){ btnArray.addEventListener("click", toggleBtn); function toggleBtn() { btnArray[2].classList.toggle("marble"); console.log(btnArray[2].classList.contains("marble")); } } } </script>
  13. Thank you for showing me this new direction of my queest. It looks to be a more elegant solution to loop trough the buttons instead of calling each one separately with a specific function. However, as a newbie it will still take me some serious puzzling to get it working. But puzzling is the best way to learn the do's and don'ts! But if I get lost, I'll be back on the forum! By the way, in your piece of script the sumArray in the last sentence has to be reversed to deliver the correct sum.
  14. As a beginner with JavaScript, I've the following problem: For my free educational website niutec.nl I'm trying to create an interactive page with an explanation of the digital system. Marbles can be toggled on a marbling board, to compose a digital number. In the text this is made visible as a digital number sequence. That's working correctly, but I can't combine those numbers into a stable array to convert them to a decimal notation. Clicking on one marble influences the other numbers. I've thought of the solution to be with using a closure, but I can't get it working. Who can help me with a solution? The active file can be found on: http://www.niutec.nl/Experiments/talstelsels.html The still not active file can be found on: http://www.niutec.nl/Programmeren/talstelsels.html <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="nl"> <head> <meta charset=UTF-8"> <meta name="viewport content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"> <meta content="test" name="description"> <meta="robots" content="noindex, nofollow"> <title>talstelsels</title> <link href="../includes/css/count.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" media="screen, projection, handheld"> </head> <body> <article> <div id="digitPlankContainer"> <img src="../images/tellen/digitplank.png"> <button class="btn" onClick="myFunction()" id="marble0"></button> <button class="btn" onClick="myFunction()" id="marble1"></button> <button class="btn" onClick="myFunction()" id="marble2"></button> <button class="btn" onClick="myFunction()" id="marble3"></button> </div> <table id="tableDigLayout"> <tr> <td id="tdDigOne"> <ul> <li><span id="cijfer0">0</span> knikker op positie 1</li> <li><span id="cijfer1">0</span> knikker op positie 2</li> <li><span id="cijfer2">0</span> knikker op positie 3</li> <li><span id="cijfer3">0</span> knikker op positie 4</li> <li>0 knikker op positie 5</li> <li>0 knikker op positie 6</li> <li>0 knikker op positie 7</li> <li>0 knikker op positie 8</li> <li>0 knikker op positie 9</li> </ul> </td> <td id="tdDigTwo"> <ul> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> <li>&#8594;</li> </ul> </td> <td id="tdDigThree"> <ul> <li id="value0">0</li> <li id="value1">0</li> <li id="value2">0</li> <li id="value3">0</li> <li>0</li> <li>0</li> <li>0</li> <li>0</li> <li>0</li> </ul> </td> <td id="tdDigFour"> <ul> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>&nbsp;</li> <li>+</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td>&nbsp;</td> <td id="tdDigFive"> <ul> <li>som:</li> </ul> </td> <td id="tdDigSom"> <ul> <li id="sum"></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </table> </article> <script> var place_0 = document.getElementById("marble0"); place_0.addEventListener("click", toggle_0); function toggle_0() { place_0.classList.toggle("marble"); var digit_0 = document.getElementById("marble0").classList.contains("marble"); var nr_0 = Number(digit_0); document.getElementById("position0").innerHTML = nr_0; document.getElementById("cijfer0").innerHTML = nr_0; document.getElementById("value0").innerHTML = nr_0 * 1; } var place_1 = document.getElementById("marble1"); place_1.addEventListener("click", toggle_1); function toggle_1() { place_1.classList.toggle("marble"); var digit_1 = document.getElementById("marble1").classList.contains("marble"); var nr_1 = Number(digit_1); document.getElementById("position1").innerHTML = nr_1; document.getElementById("cijfer1").innerHTML = nr_1; document.getElementById("value1").innerHTML = nr_1 * 2; } var place_2 = document.getElementById("marble2"); place_2.addEventListener("click", toggle_2); function toggle_2() { place_2.classList.toggle("marble"); var digit_2 = document.getElementById("marble2").classList.contains("marble"); var nr_2 = Number(digit_2); document.getElementById("position2").innerHTML = nr_2; document.getElementById("cijfer2").innerHTML = nr_2; document.getElementById("value2").innerHTML = nr_2 * 4; } var place_3 = document.getElementById("marble3"); place_3.addEventListener("click", toggle_3); function toggle_3() { place_3.classList.toggle("marble"); var digit_3 = document.getElementById("marble3").classList.contains("marble"); var nr_3 = Number(digit_3); document.getElementById("position3").innerHTML = nr_3; document.getElementById("cijfer3").innerHTML = nr_3; document.getElementById("value3").innerHTML = nr_3 * 8; } function myFunction(){ var digit_0 = document.getElementById("marble0").classList.contains("marble"); var digit_1 = document.getElementById("marble1").classList.contains("marble"); var digit_2 = document.getElementById("marble2").classList.contains("marble"); var digit_3 = document.getElementById("marble3").classList.contains("marble"); var sumArray = []; if (digit_0) {sumArray[0] = 0} else {sumArray[0] = 1} if (digit_1) {sumArray[1] = 0} else {sumArray[1] = 2} if (digit_2) {sumArray[2] = 0} else {sumArray[2] = 4} if (digit_3) {sumArray[3] = 0} else {sumArray[3] = 8} document.getElementById("sum").innerHTML = sumArray.reverse(); } </script> </body> </html>
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