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ajkaramba

HTML5 or XHTML document?

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Hello!I have to correct syntax errors in a document that looks something like this: <!DOCTYPE html><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><title>Title</title></head><body><p>content</p></body></html>There are a lot of syntax errors in the full verision of the document, but some end tags like </p> are also missing. I don't know if I'm supposed to add tags like </p> because if this document is HTML5 it isn't necessary.When I validate the document at http://validator.w3.org/check it says that it is HTML5, but <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> makes me wonder...Can anyone please tell me if this is a HTML5 or XHTML document?

 

I usually close all tags but since I'm supposed to correct syntax errors I'm not sure if I should close all tags because the validator (which says that it's HTML5) doesn't say that a missing end tag is a syntax error. I mean, if it's HTML5 my teacher shouldn't be allowed to complain about it...

 

Do you think I will fail the assignment if I don't close all tags? Thanks!

Edited by ajkaramba

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The <!DOCTYPE> declaration indicates it's an HTML 5 document. Despite being valid to leave unclosed <p> elements, I recommend closing them all anyways.

HTML 5 is allowed to be serialized as XML, that's when you would use the xmlns attribute.

If you're not intending the document to be read by XML parsers, I would advise against closing empty elements with />. Empty elements are <br>, <img>, <link> and others like that.

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Is there any downside to closing everything?

The file to be downloaded is larger.

 

As for empty tags, the reason I don't close them is because the validator interprets it as the old SGML shorttag syntax.

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There's no requirement to close empty elements in HTML

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