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ned help understanding how xml schema works

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This is a snippet from an xsd file:

    <schema xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema”      xmlns:target=”http://www.example.com/name”'>http://www.example.com/name”      targetNamespace=”http://www.example.com/name”'>http://www.example.com/name” elementFormDefault=”qualified”>  

1. what's the purpose of targetNamespace attr?

 

and the XML :

    <?xml version=”1.0”?>      <name      xmlns=”http://www.example.com/name”'>http://www.example.com/name”      xmlns:xsi=”http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance”      xsi:schemaLocation=”http://www.example.com/name name5.xsd”      >  

1. does the name element must point to the same namespace as the target namespace(or targetNamesace attr?) in the xsd?

2. what's the purpose of schemalocation? and why is there a whitespace there?

thanks

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